TALLAHASSEE -- (Feb. 9, 2007) -- Attorney
General Bill McCollum (http://myfloridalegal.com/
today issued a consumer advisory warning Floridians of common
mortgage fraud scams. Mortgage scams were among the top
ten categories of complaints received by the Attorney Generalís
Office last year. As National Consumer Protection Week draws
to a close, McCollum again encouraged residents of the state
to be aware of scams and fraud aimed at Florida homeowners.
There are several variations of home equity scams of which Floridians should be aware. Equity stripping occurs when a lender encourages a consumer to manipulate their loan application in order to qualify for a greater loan amount. Loan flipping involves lenders who repeatedly encourage consumers to refinance their loans, which may require them to borrow more money and as a result accumulate higher fees. Other scams include baiting and switching, where the lender offers one set of terms prior to the loan application and then pressures consumers to agree to a different set of terms after the application is signed. Deceptive loan servicing, another common complaint, happens when lenders do not provide their clients with accurate or complete account statements and payoff figures.
Consumers shopping for a mortgage loan should take into consideration high interest rates and additional costs which could place undue financial burdens on them, Attorney General McCollum cautioned. He encouraged Floridians to shop around before choosing a lender and reminded them not to sign a loan agreement if the terms are not the same as those they were given when they applied. Consumers should also ask for explanations of any dollar amount, term or condition they donít fully understand. If using a broker, General McCollum urged prospective homebuyers to research brokersí credentials to ensure they are properly licensed and certified before entering into a contract.
The Attorney Generalís Office provided the following tips to consider when
applying for home equity loans:
Ask specifically if credit insurance is required as a condition of the loan
Keep careful records of any amount paid
Check contractorsí references for any construction and get more than one estimate
Read all items on the contract or application carefully
Never sign an application or contract with blank spaces
Lenders should never pressure applicants
The Home Ownership and Protection Act of 1994 addresses certain unfair and deceptive practices in home equity lending. The law establishes requirements for certain loans with high rates or high fees. Additionally, the act prevents balloon payments, which are large lump-sum payments scheduled at the end of a series of considerably smaller periodic payments and negative amortization which arises when the mortgage payment is smaller than the interest due and causes the loan balance to increase rather than decrease. The law also prevents default rates that are higher than pre-default rates and most prepayment penalties.
Consumers who believe they many have complaints about a mortgage scam may call the Attorney General's Fraud Hotline at 1-866-9-NO-SCAM (1-866-966-7226). Complaints can also be filed at http://myfloridalegal.com.
SOURCE: Office of the Attorney General of Florida